Research on Disability in Thailand: Meta-Analysis and Qualitative Analysis

By Tavee Cheausuwantavee, Sripair Nookaew and Chommanad Cheausuwantavee.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This study aimed to synthesize the researches regarding disabilities in Thailand in which had been done during 1997-2009 and then those were analyzed by meta-analysis and content analysis. The target researches were collected both electronic database and hard documents that were available in the main 7 libraries of public universities in Thailand. The 264 researches meeting inclusion criteria were undertaken and analyzed by content analysis. While, there were only 109 articles of total researches meeting criteria were analyzed by meta-analysis.
The results showed that, in terms of the content analysis, the majority of researches were unpublished thesis produced during 2001-2006, quantitative studies with descriptive statistics, educational and social focus, conducted with small sample size and non-probability sampling without statistical calculation. The principal researchers were usually lecturers. The validity and reliability of instruments were usually measured by specialist and non-specified method respectively. In addition, in terms of meta-analysis, the correlation coefficient (r) of 109 researches was small (0.22). Multiple regression analysis indicated that the particular variables of study features accounted for 46 percent of variation in their correlation coefficients. The best predictors were consisted of 9 variables including 1) experimental or quasi-research design(0.31), 2)independent variable as intelligence(0.22), 3) dependent variable as education (0.16), 4) reliability measurement of instrument as Conbach’s alpha(0.13), 5) independent variable as socio-economy and environment (0.07), 6) master degree thesis (0.06), 7) validity measurement of instrument as specialist consensus(0.06), 8) descriptive research design(0.04), and 9) year of research completion (0.02) respectively.
These research findings suggest that according to most variables studied have been low relationship and ineffectively selected, thus rigorous researches on disabilities in Thailand need to be done for identifying the further predictable variables. Additionally, some variables that have large correlation coefficients such as teaching and learning model also need to be applied for persons with disabilities in actual settings.

Keywords: Research Synthesis, Meta-analysis, Disability, Rehabilitation

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp.311-322. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 660.926KB).

Dr. Tavee Cheausuwantavee

Assistant Professor, Rehabilitation Science, Mahidol University, Phutthamonthon, Nakronprathom, Thailand

I am an assistant professor and have worked at Ratchasuda College, Mahidol University, Thailand since 1996. I graduated doctoral degree in Social Administration from Thammasat University, Thailand. I am responsible for teaching, providing academic services, and conducting research relating to disabilities and rehabilitation services, Thus, my particular specialties and responsibilities are community based rehabilitation (CBR), rehabilitation administration, social welfare and policy, rehabilitation counseling and multidisciplinary approach through related rehabilitation services for persons with disabilities. I have also continuously contributed my academic skills and knowledge at the local and global level through various disseminations and roles including as author of international publications, reviewer of international journals, speaker/presenter of international conferences, and lecturer of international training courses.

Sripair Nookaew

Researcher, Mahidol University, Phuttamonthon, Nakornprathom, Thailand

I am a researcher and have worked at Ratchasuda College, Mahidol University, Thailand since 2009. I graduated master degree in Applied Statistics from Chiang Mai University, Thailand. I am responsible for conducting research relating to disabilities and rehabilitation services, Thus, my particular specialties are mathematics, statistics, rehabilitation and assistive technology.

Chommanad Cheausuwantavee

Assistant Professor, Srinakarinwirot University, Kongteuy, Bangkok, Thailand

I am an assistant professor and have worked at Demonstartion Secondary School, Faculty of Education, Srinakarinwirot University, Thailand since 1994. I am also now studying doctoral degree in Curriculum and Instruction at Silapakorn University, Thailand. I am responsible for teaching, and conducting research relating to mathematics, education and disabilities. Thus, my particular specialties and responsibilities are mathematics education, educational supervision and E-learning.

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