In western countries women’s representation in leading roles and positions of power has increased. Thus, women may have influence on leading social changes. Yet, there is an over-representation of women in part-time jobs which hinders their work advancement. In light of these trends this study asks: 1) Do women in leadership roles advocate for other women by providing them with work options and decrease the disadvantaging effects associated with part-time work? 2) Does advocacy of women differ in different socio-cultural contexts?
To answer these questions I have examined women’s likelihood of working part time and holding internal leadership positions in the Jewish state secular and Jewish state religious schools that are distinct in their organizational culture and gender order.
The sample included 13,014 teachers (74% female) who work in high schools led by women. Based on multinomial logistic regression analyses it was found that in both school types, part-time work did not hinder women’s advancement to internal leadership positions. However, the benefits of women in secular schools were greater than in the religious schools. Further, in contrast to secular schools, in the religious schools, women school leaders preserved men social advantageous position by enabling them to work full time and hold internal leadership positions. The dynamics of the role of women school leaders in advocating for other women and the broader societal context will be discussed.
|Keywords:||Gender, Part-Time Work, Woman Leadership|
Senior Lecturer, School of Education, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel
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