In his non-fiction work Walden, Henry David Thoreau’s internal dialogues and meditations reveal to us his “self” as embodied in his literary work. While in this selected work there is a close analogy between self and the text, which both are a series of inner voices juxtaposed with and often contradicting one another, in order to decipher the artist’s persona, this study frames its analysis within two perspectives: the sociolinguistics (Bakhtin’s ‘Dialogism’) and psychology (Herman’s ‘Dialogical Self’). This attempt to investigate the aesthetic and ideological statements of the narrator of Walden explores the extent of nature’s influence on him as an alienated writer; and examines the cultural heritage in the context of American society of Thoreau to identify the roots of the broken ties between “self” and the “society” to shed light on the individual and social self of the narrator in Walden. This study concludes that this selected non-fiction work is not just a monological poetic meditation of its author but a polyphonic contemplation of internal voices carnivalizing the social ideologies of its time embodied in his art as a pursuit of self inquiry.
|Keywords:||Psychology, Self, Society, Subpersonalities|
Postgraduate Researcher, Department of English, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Senior Lecturer, Department of English, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
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