The Influence of Ingroup Contact and Collective Memory on the Social Identity of a Minority Group: The Case of Quebecers Living in a Predominantly English Speaking Country

By Christian R. Bellehumeur, Francine Tougas, Joelle Laplante and Martine Lagacé.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This study investigates the link between collective memory, ingroup contact, and the strength of attachment to one’s group, more precisely, members of a minority group (Quebecers) living in Canada (a predominantly English speaking country). The study was conducted among a sample of young adult Quebecers (N = 152). Results of the analyses support our hypothesis in showing that contact and the three components of collective memory are linked to social identity. Findings thus suggest that social identity is not only influenced by the current and present (cf. contact with group members) but it is also deeply rooted in the past (cf. collective memory). More precisely, it is the recollection of significant positive events (rather than negative events) that has more impact on all three aspects of group identity. Discussion of these findings emphasizes the contribution of collective memory to the advancement of knowledge in regards to Social Identity Theory.

Keywords: Collective Memory, Ingroup Contact, Social Identity, Minority Group, Quebecers

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 4, Issue 10, pp.71-86. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.286MB).

Dr. Christian R. Bellehumeur

Full-Time Professor, Faculty of Human Sciences, Saint Paul University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Christian R Bellehumeur (Ph.D. social psychology, University of Ottawa) is a full-time professor in the Human Sciences faculty, at Saint Paul University (Ottawa), and teaches in the graduate program in Counseling and Spirituality. He is also a trained counsellor and member of the Canadian Counselling Association. Furthermore, he has published scientific articles in communications, counseling and psychology. His research aims at a better understanding of intergroup relations, collective memory and social identity.

Dr. Francine Tougas

Professor, School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Her research in social psychology focuses mainly on age, work and retirement stereotypes and work equity such as integration of women and minorities at work.

Dr. Joelle Laplante

Doctoral Candidate, Experimental Psychology, School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Her research focuses mainly on differential treatment at work, ensuing psychological disengagement and its consequences, as well as ageist communication.

Dr. Martine Lagacé

Assistant Professor, Department of Communication, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Martine Lagacé is an assistant professor at the Department of Communication, University of Ottawa in Canada. Dr. Lagacé, who holds a Ph.D. in social psychology, does research on intergenerational communication in the workplace, stereotypes based on age, identity and intergroup relations. She has been teaching research methods courses for the last several years at the Department. Dr. Lagacé also has co-written a book in French on Research Methods in Communication published by Gaëtan Morin in 2006. She has published in French and English in several academic journals as « les Cahiers internationaux de psychologie sociale » and « The International Journal of Aging & Human Development». She is currently a member of the Editing Board for the Canadian academic journal «Vie et vieillissement». Professor Lagacé also has extensive professional expertise in communication, having worked for several years as a radio and television journalist for CBC Radio-Canada and as a spokesperson at the Department of Foreign Affairs in Canada.


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