This article investigates whether poor households think of themselves as poor. In order to do so, this article employs a data set created from a nation-wide survey for Korean living conditions, which was conducted by KIHASA(Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs) in 2004. This article identifies two different poor groups, income poor and deprivation poor groups, since income reflects purchasing power and deprivation does standard of living, which results in considerably different two poor groups. This article confirmed that 46% of the income poor, 40% of the deprivation poor do not regard themselves as poor. This shows that self-assessment of being poor is quite different from objective poor status. If we do not deny assumption that people assess their situation best, this says that both income and deprivation is not sufficient as indicator to measure poverty.
|Keywords:||Poverty, Poverty Measurement, Self-assessment|
Assistant Professor, Department of Welfare, Sungshin Women’s University, Seoul, South Korea
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