Emotional Reactions to Perceived Injustice: Anger, Envy or Sadness?

By Abdul Karim Khan, Samina Quratulain, Naheed Sultana and Jean-Marie Peretti.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Organizational justice research has mainly focused on attitudinal, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes. Although the roles of emotions are often discussed in justice theories, they have been largely underresearched. The objective of current study was to examine the emotional reactions of employees to perceived injustice, in a field setting. The study analyzed the emotional responses of employees (N= 408) to decision of annual salary raise. The study, being conducted on employees of different sectors of Pakistan, measured the employees’ perceptions of justice (distributive and procedural) and feeling of emotions (Anger, Envy, and Sadness) after the announcement of annual salary raise. We found that sadness was more strongly related to perceptions of injustice as compared to anger and envy. Generally, the results found support for our hypotheses. We concluded with limitations and directions for future research.

Keywords: Distributive Justice, Procedural Justice, Anger, Envy, Sadness

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 4, Issue 7, pp.125-138. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.197MB).

Abdul Karim Khan

PhD candidate, CERGAM, IAE, Clos Guiot – Puyricard, CS 30063. 13089, IAE, Aix en Provence, France

PhD candidate at IAE Aix en Provence, France. Research interests include organizational justice, emotions at work, counterproductive work behaviors and personality psychology.

Dr. Samina Quratulain

PhD candidate, CERGAM, IAE, Clos Guiot – Puyricard,, IAE, Aix en Provence, France

PhD candidate at IAE Aix en Provence, France. Research interests include social exchange relationships, organizational citizenship behavior and individual level cultural values.

Naheed Sultana

Professor of management and economics, University of Lahore, Pakistan

Professor of management and economics at university of Lahore, Pakistan. Research interests include interdisciplinary topics in management and economics, corporate social responsibility, value generation for shareholders, and justice in organizations.

Prof. Jean-Marie Peretti

ESSEC business school, Paris, France

Professor of management and HRM at ESSEC business school Paris, France. Research interests include social audit, international HRM, compensation management, and career management.


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