Nationalism through State-Constructed Symbols: The Case of National Anthems
National anthems possibly provide the strongest, clearest statement of national identity. In essence they serve as modern totems that bear a special relationship to the nations they represent, distinguishing them from one another and reaffirming their identity boundaries. National anthems transfer a message that is purposively, meticulously constructed, with leaders of national governments consciously selecting its elements. In this paper the content and the “hidden” meanings of 18 national hymns (Russia, Argentina, Austria, Mexico, Canada, Greece, Cuba, Bulgaria, Germany, F.Y.R.O.M., U.K., Serbia, Romania, Albania, Australia, U.S.A., France and Belgium) will be analysed. An attempt will be made to investigate the nationalistic, propagandistic and sometimes the chauvinistic elements they include. The content analysis method we will be employed to identify the constituents, that unite individuals under the same flag, oath, anthem, and so on. These encompass a general feeling of belonging to a specific community and using forms which already existed in the nation.
||National Anthem, National Symbols, Modern Nation-State, Nationalism, Identity Construction
International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 4, Issue 6, pp.1-14.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.516MB).
Professor, Pedagogic School, University of Western Macedonia, Florina, Florina, Greece
Argyris Kyridis has born in Athens, Greece. He has studied Political Science and Sociology at the University of Athens. He has obtained his Ph.D in Political Sociology - Sociology of Education at the same University and an M.Sc. in Politics and Sociology at Birkbeck College, University of London. He is currently professor at the University of Western Macedonia, Greece, where he teaches Sociology, Sociology of Education, Sociology of Knowledge, Sociology of Media and New Technology, Educational Policy and Research Methodology. He has published about one hundred and fifty papers in Greek, European and American scientific journals. He is the writer or co-author of about 20 books in Greek.
University of Western Macedonia, Florina, Florina, Greece
PhD, Pedagogic School, University of Western Macedonia, Florina, Florina, Greece
Christos Zagkos was born in Patras, Greece. He studied Balkan Studies at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and he obtained a M.A. degree in International Relations and International Law at the University of Lancaster, U.K.. He currently is a Ph.D. student at the University of Western Macedonia in the field of Political Sociology. He has published more than ten papers in Greek, European and American scientific journals.
Doctor, Pedagogic School, University of Western Macedonia, Florina, Florina, Greece
Teacher of Primary Education. Graduate of Pedagogic Academy Florina in 1986 and of Pedagogic Department of Education of Florina, Aristotle University, in 1998. She attended Postgraduated Studies in Pedagogic- Humanities and Historical Studies at the same University. MS in faculty of Education, Pedagogic Department of Florina, Aristotle University Thessaloniki: ‘‘Ideological Direction of the Greek Students of Ex Soviet Union (1925-1937): A research in language school books’’. She is Dr in Educational Politics at the University of West Macedonia (Florina, Greece) and she is assistant in teaching Modern History. She has published several papers in Greek and European scientific journals about pedagogic. She had created also educational software in education.
Assistant Professor, Pedagogic School, University ow Western Macedonia, Florina, Florina, Greece
She has studied Modern History and Philosophy of History at the University of Salonica. She has obtained her Ph.D. in Modern History of Greece at the same University and attended Postgraduated Studies in Philosophy of History at the same University. She is currently an assistant professor at the University of West Macedonia (Florina, Greece), where she teaches Modern History, Cultural Studies and History of Art and Education. She has published several papers in Greek and European scientific journals about intercultural teaching of history and History of Art. She is the writer of the book in greek: Thraces in 1821 and the artistic monuments as historical sources.
University of Western Macedonia, Athens, Florina, Greece
Nikos Fotopoulos was born in Athens, Greece. He studied Sociology at the Panteion University of Athens where he obtained and his Phd thesis in the field of political philosophy. He has published several papers in Greek and international scientific journals.
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