The Roles of Emotional Intelligence and Emotion Focused Solution: Developing Leadership Qualities among College Students

By Mohd Izham Mohd Hamzah, Noriah Mohd Ishak, Siti Rahayah Ariffin and Salleh Amat.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Researchers have shown that successful leaders are individuals with high level of emotional intelligence.They have the ability to effectively use their emotion in managing challenges and obstacles that they face both at the personal as well as professional levels. College or university students are future leaders who will guide the country and the new generation into the era of borderless world. As such, they have to be effective leaders regardless of gender differences. Nevertheless, the process of looking for the leadership qualities has to be accomplished while they are still pursuing their academic career, where potential intervention can still be conducted to help them develop those qualities before they enter the job market and become leaders in their respective field. Consequently, this article reports a study conducted to explore possible relationship between emotional intelligence, emotion focused solution and leadership among final year college students (n=740) studying in five different universities in Malaysia. Specifically, this article will report the following findings from the study: (a) The existence of any relationship between emotional intelligence, emotion-focused solution and leadership, (b) The predictive ability of emotional intelligence and emotion focused solution on leadership, and (c) The
existence of differences in emotional intelligence, emotion focused solution and leadership among students with different genders. The study used three sets of questionnaire (MEQI, MLATI, MEFI) for data collection. Data collected from the study was then analyzed statistically using SPSS. Findings from the study suggest high positive correlation among the three variables, and emotional intelligence was found to predict leadership among the college students. The findings also show a significant difference in emotional intelligence, emotion focused solution and leadership among male and female students, with female students scoring higher than the male students for all three variables. Since emotional intelligence was found to predict leadership, this article will also discuss possible interventions that can help increase the college students’ level of emotional intelligence. These interventions can be adapted by individuals in the helping profession (counselors, psychologist etc.) to help college students become better leaders.

Keywords: Emotion

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 4, Issue 6, pp.187-200. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.245MB).

Dr. Mohd Izham Mohd Hamzah

Lecturer, Department of Education Foundation, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

He holds a Ph.D degree in Educational Management. His research interest is in the area of educational management and leadership.

Dr. Noriah Mohd Ishak

Associate Professor, Faculty of Education,, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

She holds a PhD degree in Counselor Education and Counseling Psychology. Her research interests include parent-child-peer relational functioning, emotional intelligence, multiple intelligence, stress management and leadership.

Prof. Siti Rahayah Ariffin

Dean, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

She holds a PhD degree in Assessment and Evaluation from the University of Glasgow, United Kingdom. Her research interests are in the area of multiple intelligence and measurement.

Dr. Salleh Amat

Lecturer, Educational Foundation, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, B. Baru Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

He holds a PhD degree in Counselor Education. His research interests are in the area of counseling, career and student personnel.

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