The Implication of Foreign Workers on National Security: A Malaysian Experience

By Mohd Na’eim Ajis, Mohamad Faisol Keling, Md. Shukri Shuib and Mokhtafizam Mokhtar.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper will discuss and analyze on the implications of foreign workers on national security in Malaysia. Undoubtedly, the presences of foreign workers were significant impact particularly in national economic development. While, the contributions of foreign workers are not an issue, their presence has become perceived as a threat on national security aspects by the Malaysian government. As a response, the government has established a range of policies related to in order to control the number of foreign labourers. However, these policies still inconsistently applied and have yet to effectively restrict their inflow. As a result, the foreign workers immigration has dramatically increased by approximately more than two million constituting about 23 per cent of the total workforce in Malaysia. Most of whom come from Bangladesh, India, Philippines and Indonesia. The situation will most certainly affect the country’s national security aspects particularly in non-military areas like economics, socials and politics. Therefore, the presence of foreign labours either legal or illegal should be administrated properly or else their presence would definitely pose some threat on security aspects in Malaysia. This inflow will positively continue unless the necessary measures and actions have already been taken to alleviate overwhelming of foreign labour in Malaysia. Hence, the foreign labour policies and regulations should be strengthened and re-ironed to ensure that foreign labour inflow could meet necessary needs of the local requirement of employment. Finally, it suggested the best solution to enhance the efficiencies of the government administration in employing foreign workers.

Keywords: Immigration, Labour Migration, Labour Migration Policy, National Security

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp.313-326. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.177MB).

Mohd Na’eim Ajis

Lecturer, Public Management Department, Faculty of Public Management and Law, Northern University of Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

I am working in UUM as lecturer since 2003. Prior, I worked in UPSI as assistant registrar. I got my first degree from National University of Malaysia. Hence, I persued my master degree from University of Malaya in public administration. I attached in public management department and have taught a various of subjects particularly in human resource management area such as labor administration in Malaysia, negotiation skill and bargaining, human resource auditing and etc. My interest is more in human resource management and labor study.

Mohamad Faisol Keling

Lecturer, College of Law, Government and International Study, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

Mohamad Faisol Keling is now attached with the Faculty of International Studies, Universiti Utara Malaysia. Previously, he was with the Ministry of Defense, Malaysia. He obtained his masters in security analysis from National University of Malaysia. His interests are military, politics, strategic studies, security policy and analysis.

Md. Shukri Shuib

Lecturer, College of Law, Government and International Study, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

Mokhtafizam Mokhtar

Lecturer, Department of Public Management, Faculty of Public Management and Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

He is a lecturer in Public Management, Faculty of Public Management and Law, University Utara Malaysia. His particular areas of interest are leadership, ethics and governance.


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