A Review of Management Instruments for Water Pollution Control: Sustainable Options for the River Buriganga, Bangladesh

By Md. Ashiqur Rahman.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

Water pollution problem caused by rapid economic, urban and population growth has become a growing concern since the past three decades all over the world. A number of management instruments from regulatory to incentive-based approaches are being practised around the world to address the problem. Moreover, in recent days the growing consciousness at the global level has produced new multidisciplinary concepts of pollution management where the importance of state, community and market has been recognised. Since the 1992 Rio Earth Summit further emphasis has been given to shift from end-of-pipe and reactive-based strategies to participatory and proactive-based strategies. Researches have shown that the technological solutions to the treatment of pollutants always incur a huge investment for the manufacturers and in many cases are not economically sound, particularly when the treatment costs exceed residual damage costs. This paradigm shift from reactive to market and participatory based proactive approaches have been successful in some developed countries. However, the effective application of the pollution management measures in many parts of the world is still remiss and pollution continues. So far the response to the new concept in developing countries, including Bangladesh is mixed and at the same time confusions and disagreements exist regarding the formulation of strategies for water pollution control. The Buriganga River is of great economic importance to Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, which is threatened by excessive pollution. This study looks at an integrated approach which might be suitable to manage the pollution problem of this river. The issue of water pollution management with particular reference to the Buriganga River is analyzed in this paper through an interdisciplinary approach which integrates social, economic and environmental dimensions holistically. The methodology of this study includes collection of basic background information pertaining to water pollution control practices through content analysis and direct observation.

Keywords: Water Pollution, Management Instruments, Buriganga River, Integrated Approach

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 3, Issue 11, pp.55-68. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 642.142KB).

Md. Ashiqur Rahman

PhD Candidate, Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Mr. Md. Ashiqur Rahman has multidisciplinary academic background in Environmental Management and Environmental Engineering. He did his Masters degree (1997) in Environmental Engineering from the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka, as well as his graduation (1993) in Civil Engineering from the same university. He achieved his second Masters degree (2000) with AusAID scholarship in Environmental Management and Development from the Australian National University (ANU), Canberra. Mr. Rahman has more than twelve years of research, teaching and engineering professional experience. He has been serving as a Senior Lecturer with the North South University (NSU), Dhaka, Bangladesh since 2001. Before joining NSU, Mr. Rahman served in the Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) of Bangladesh for about five years in different capacities from research to execution of engineering projects. Mr. Rahman also received an academic excellence award in year 2000 from the National Centre for Development Studies (NCDS) of the Australian National University for his outstanding result in the Masters Program. Currently he is on a study leave from the North South University and is pursing PhD in Environmental Management at the University of Sydney, Australia with ALA scholarship. He is expected to complete the Doctoral research by March 2011.


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