This study explored whether and how demographic variables, personality traits, personal and social communication, and environmental factors contribute to identifying sub-groups of refugees' psychological health. In a sample of 310 Bosnian refugees in a Midwestern city in the United States, we identified how distinct subgroups of refugees differing in psychological health were defined by the above variables. SPSS Answer Tree 3.1 was used to analyze the data. A classification-tree analysis identified 12 distinct groups that were homogenous with respect to psychological health. These groups ranged in size from 26 to 181 members, with mean psychological health ranging from 3.33 to 4.29 on a 1-5 Likert-type scale. Results indicated that personal communication, personality traits and environmental factors distinguished sub-groups of refugees' psychological health. This research has implications for agencies and organizations serving refugees and interventions targeting displaced individuals.
|Keywords:||Refugees, Audience Segmentation, Intercultural Communication, Psychological Health|
Research Assistant Professor, Child and Family Mental Health Services, Missouri Institute of Mental Health, University of Missouri, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA
Assistant Professor, Department of Speech Communication, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, Edwardsville, IL, USA
Associate Professor, Department of Research Methodology, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO, USA
Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Research Methodology, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO, USA
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