Migration is as old as the human experience. Current globalization renders that experience almost inevitable for some groups. Yet, the recent trend in migration from West Africa into Western Europe is noteworthy. For the student of African Diaspora culture, today’s migration constitutes the third most significant outpouring from the African continent in modern history. Of this trend, the most specific focus of this paper is the flow of Senegalese citizens into Spain. The more detailed comparative portion of this study forms part of a larger project that analyzes the outcome of migration from three different sending nations—Ghana, Guinea, and Senegal into the Southern European receiving nations of Italy, Malta and Spain.
In many ways the Senegalese immigrant experience is similar to that of migrants from other parts of Western Africa and indeed the whole of the developing world. There are a variety of reasons why they choose to leave their countries, yet, the overwhelming cause of their trek is an economic one. Air travel is a significant mode of travel, but perilous boat travel is the only option for some. The migrants themselves are not the only actors involved in the choice to take the life-altering journey. Family, community, smugglers and others play a decisive role in the process. On the more formal, official side of the issue the governments of both the sending nations and of the receiving nation, Spain, have altered their approaches to the situation. The question becomes are the migrants, the sending countries and the receiving countries always better off because of the migration?
|Keywords:||African Diaspora, Aging Population, Brain Drain, Brawn Drain, Borders – Land, Sea, Air, Human Rights, Human Trafficking, Interdiction, Labor Migration, Low Birth Rate, National Security, Outmigration vs Inmigration, Points of Departure; Points of Entry, Push and Pull Factors, Remittances, Sending Country vs Receiving Country, Social Costs of Migration, Third Wave Migration, Undocumented Migrants|
Associate Professor, Dept of Romance, German, Slavic, Languages and Literatures, Columbian College of Arts and Sciences, Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, Washington, D.C., USA
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