Statistics from the International Council of Nurses (ICN) reveal that world wide nurses are three times more likely than any other service occupational group to experience violence in the workplace. One aspect of this violence is nurse to nurse directed abuse termed “horizontal violence.” This type of abuse can be collectively defined as dysfunctional behavior from one nurse to another that includes verbal abuse, passive aggression, and variable degrees of antagonism such as gossiping, innuendo, scape-goating, undermining, and intimidation. While not physically harmful, studies indicate that it can often result in reduced self esteem, sleep disorders, anxiety, hypertension, impaired personal relationships, disconnectedness, depression, and low morale. Research indicates this type of abuse is found globally in all areas of nursing and affects not only individuals, but the entire health care system (AACN, 2007; Olive, 2005; Smailes, 2003). Examining this threat to nursing through education is the first step in reversing the problem of horizontal violence.
|Keywords:||Horizontal Violence, Nursing Education|
Asst Professor of Nursing, Orvis School of Nursing, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, USA
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