In a review and integrative analysis of the literature on prehistorical human societies, new insights and hypotheses on unresolved issues are logically derived, and implications for the dynamic future are discussed. It may be difficult for many to overcome their infantile, sexist subconscious biases to recognize the likely reality that human societies are most naturally ruled by women. No other known hypothesis fits the aggregated anthropological and neuroscientific facts even remotely as well. While each piece of evidence alone is insufficient to conclude that matriarchies were the norm until thousands of years ago, the combined collection of facts is rather overwhelming. Thousands of years of cruel patriarchal tyranny have been unable to eliminate the evidence and tendencies. Although archaeologists and anthropologists tend not to speak on issues with non-patriarchal tendencies without overwhelming evidence (Gadon, 1989), my own hypothesis is that both the relatively faster growth in the size of the females and the increase in intelligence may very well have contributed to ending the dominating alpha male or patriarchal system among early hominoid types. Larger females armed with brains and tools or even weapons, such as the double-bladed instruments found to be millions of years old (Jurmain et al., 2004) that appeared about the time women started to grow closer to the height of men, could have fought off not only predators but also alpha males. Given the natural creative, nurturing, and pleasure-enhancing capacities of women, a special reverence for females would have normally evolved as human intelligence levels rose. The rule by women prior to 6000 years ago apparently was of a more egalitarian sort, with nonviolent forms of persuasion being the norm.
|Keywords:||Matriarchy, Prehistory, Anthropology, Myth, Inquisition|
Professor of Finance, Department of Accounting and Finance, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, USA
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