A nation’s identity is read from historical events, with the assumption that the group’s values, customs, and psychology have been fundamentally shaped by those moments, and is constructed over time through discourse. Several historical events influenced the shape and form of Afrikaner identity. Since cultural identities have histories and come from somewhere, they can change over time. It is therefore important to make use of a theoretical framework that can capture the dynamic nature of the forming, formation, and transformation of cultural identities. Hill (1992) has developed a post-Jungian model for the development of the Self, based on C.G. Jung’s early identification of the archetypal patterns of Masculine and Feminine. According to this model, four patterns underlie all human activity. These four patterns are the static Feminine, the dynamic Masculine, the static Masculine, and the dynamic Feminine. These patterns underlie the development of the Self and can also be used to identify developmental patterns that manifest culturally. The purpose of this articIe is to use Hill’s understanding of the interplay between the Masculine and Feminine principles to explore and discuss historical events that shaped the development and formation of the Afrikaner cultural identity during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It is argued within the premise of Hill’s model that the earlier historical events leading to the formation of an Afrikaner cultural identity, took place under the auspices of the dynamic Masculine, and later on progressed to the static Masculine. Subsequently, a strong patrivalent cultural pattern emerged. Over time, the excessive nature of the static Masculine within the patrivalent culture pattern was clearly evident. It is further argued that the change and transformation of the Afrikaner cultural identity under the auspices of the dynamic Feminine was inevitable, leaving the Afrikaner in a position where the reconstruction of their cultural identity or identities, is still emerging.
|Keywords:||Patrivalent Cultural Pattern|
Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Psychology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa
Senior Lecturer, Department of Industrial Psychology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, Free State, South Africa
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