This paper presents a historical analysis of the Green Belt Movement (GBM) within the political context of democratization in Kenya from 1972 to the present. Recent political activism in Kenya has been associated with a long, drawn out democratization movement. Since its inception in 1973, the Green Belt Movement and its leadership has played a critical role in working with the environment and the democratization process. With the election of the new multi-party government in January 2003, Kenya began the post-transition phase to democratization. This paper analyzes the role of the GBM in the democratization process of Kenya, its impact on womens’ lives as an ecofeminist movement and its influence on the Kenyan government’s environmental agenda.
|Keywords:||Civil Society, Environment, Gender, Kenya, Democratization|
Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008, USA
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