Relationship Between Personality and Entrepreneurial Inclination Among University Students

By Fazilah Mohd Othman, Rozita Abdul Mutalib, Zalinah Ahmad and Nur Syakiran Akmal Ismail.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Each year the number of graduates escalates in juxtaposition with unemployment issues. Consequently, in this coming age they can neither depend entirely on the government’s effort to provide sufficient jobs nor for the industries to create more job openings than there already exist. Graduates now have to be proactive in determining their career paths and explore other possibilities for a living. Malaysia is actively encouraging its people to engage in entrepreneurship as a field of work. Abundance of programs and funds are injected at various levels of government to foster entrepreneurship. Parallel to this effort, Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) has established an Entrepreneurship Development Institute (EDI) to promote this field. Nevertheless, the process of evoking students’ interests in entrepreneurship is challenging. The fact that people have different personalities and interests triggers this research initially. In this paper we explore the relationship between personality and entrepreneurial inclination among a sample of 323 students at UUM, using questionnaires adapted from the Five- Factor personality inventory and the Entrepreneurship Attitude Orientation (EAO) scale. Upon analyses we found that demographic characteristics do not have a significant impact, but all five personality dimensions positively correlate with entrepreneurial inclination.

Keywords: Personality, Career, Entrepreneurship

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp.277-288. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 576.576KB).

Fazilah Mohd Othman

Lecturer, Faculty of Public Management & Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

Fazilah Mohd Othman is a lecturer at the Faculty of Public Management & Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) where she has taught since 1999. She graduated with B.A. in Political Science from the University of Missouri-St. Louis, U.S.A. in 1995, coupled with minor in Psychology and certificate in International Studies. In 1998, she earned her Master of Public Administration (MPA)degree under a pioneer collaboration program between Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)and Syracuse University, New York. Her previous work experiences include on and off-campus part time jobs in the U.S. and as research assistant in USM. In addition to teaching courses like Personnel Administration, Human Relations in Administration, Group Dynamics, Career Management, and Individual Behavior and Skills in Organization, she also engaged in several researches and publications in her field of interests, namely Organizational Behavior/Management. Fazilah has been actively involved with the Student Affairs Department and was entrusted to develop and spearhead a couple of colleges where she served as Residential College Principal for six years. She is currently preparing to pursue her Ph.D at the University of Nottingham, UK.

Rozita Abdul Mutalib

Lecturer, Faculty of Public Management & Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

Rozita Abdul Mutalib is a lecturer in Faculty of Public Management and Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) since 2000 until now. She possess a Bachelor Degree of Public Management (Hons.) from UUM and a Master of Public Administration (MPA) from Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). Currently she’s teaching several courses in Public Management such as Career Management, Public Personnel, Ethics in Public Administration, Human Relations in Administration, Human Resource Auditing and Introduction to Public Administration. Among papers presented are social equity, public private partnership, service delivery, managing change, flextime and e-government. She also involve in research on flextime, entrepreneurship and managing change. In term of publications, she once become and editor of Essays in Public Administration (book) and also produced several modules for distance learning, titled Ethics in Public Administration, Career Management and Human Relations in Administration.

Madam Zalinah Ahmad

Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Public Administration & Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

She is a senior lecturer at Faculty of Public Management and Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM). She got her Bachelor’s degree in Public Administration in 1992 from University of Missouri at St. Louis, USA and master’s degree in 1996 from University of Pittsburgh, USA in the field of Public and International Affairs. She also had certificate in Asian Studies and also in Environmental Management and Policy. She joined the UUM in 1993 as a Tutor. She has been appointed as a lecturer after completing her master’s degree in 1996. Her area of expertise is public policy analysis and public administration. She taught several courses in public policy for undergraduate and graduate students. Namely, Introduction to Public Administration, Public Policy Analysis, Public Organization and Management, Public Policy Operation and Evaluation, and Public Program Implementation and Evaluation. Besides teaching, she conducted a few research like perception on whistleblowing among police officials, flextime among staff, evaluation for entrepreneurs’ program and managing change in local government. She also presented several papers in the area of service delivery, social equity, e-government, public and private partnership, flextime among staff, whistleblowing, .and so forth. Finally, she also published chapters in selected books and modules for distance learning.

Nur Syakiran Akmal Ismail

Lecturer, Faculty of Public Management & Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia

She is a lecturer at Faculty of Public Management and Law, Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM). She got her Bachelor’s degree in Public Managment in 1999 from University Utara Malaysia (UUM). and master’s degree in 2002 from University of Melbourne, Australia in the field of Public Policy and Management. She joined the UUM in 2000 as a Tutor. She has been appointed as a lecturer after completing her master’s degree in 2002. Her area of expertise is public policy analysis and public administration. Currently she’s teaching several courses in Public Management such as Public Policy, Public Policy Operation and Evaluation, Public Program Implementation and Evaluation and Introduction to Public Administration. She also presented several papers in the area of service delivery, social equity, Syariah Law, public and private partnership, financial management in public sector and so forth. Finally, she also published chapters in selected books and modules for distance learning.

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