Bridging the Conceptual Gap between Researcher and Respondent by Using Simple Rank Ordering: An Example from the Peruvian Andes

By Irmgard Bauer.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Many studies using a qualitative approach attempt to understand the perception of people within their different cultural context. However, frequently, the way concepts are understood - mainly abstract in the case of the researcher, and more pragmatic in the case of the participant - may introduce bias and, hence, influence the way questions are phrased, understood, responded to and, ultimately, analysed and interpreted. The researcher’s questions are based on the researcher’s concepts and expectations. The respondent’s conceptual understanding either does not cater for these expectations at all, or provides answers prone to misunderstandings. Using a rank ordering method that 1) incorporates generally accepted and understood concepts and 2) is done as a simple paper and pen procedure, can form the basis for discussions of concepts the researcher is interested in, but from the respondent’s perspective. The method is demonstrated by using the example of Peruvian villagers’ views on a healthy community in relation to tourism impacts.

Keywords: Tourism Impact, Rank Ordering, Community Health, Tourism in Peru

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp.157-168. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 840.856KB).

Dr. Irmgard Bauer

Senior Lecturer, School of Nursing Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia

Dr. Bauer is a Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Medicine, Health and Molecular Sciences at James Cook University, Townsville, Australia. Her background covers a range of health qualifications from Germany, United Kingdom, Peru, and Australia, including Public Health, Tropical Medicine, Travel Medicine, Infectious Diseases, Nursing, and a Master in Tourism. She is also a 1997 Gorgas alumna and has worked in Germany, Austria, Syria, and Yemen. Extensive travels resulted in a research interest in Tourism and Health focussing (1) on travellers' health with an emphasis on tourist behaviour within the context of Health Promotion/Health Education, and (2) on the impact of tourism on the health of host communities in developing countries. She is on the Editorial Board of the Journal of Travel Medicine and a Fellow of the Australasian College of Tropical Medicine. She has authored and co-authored over 50 articles, contributions and books. http://www.jcu.edu.au/school/ns/WHO/staff/bauer.html

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