Health Problems Associated with the Built Environment in Areas of Rapid Urbanization and Poverty
If UN projections are correct, global urban populations will grow to exceed 5 billion people by the year 2025, raising cities share of world inhabitants to more than 60 percent globally. Urbanization brings about fundamental changes in the way people live and work and has profound implications for the health of those who live in cities. Along with chronic and degenerative diseases in the developed nations, the expeditious spread of infectious diseases in the developing world threatens the very cohesion of society. In 2002, twenty six percent of all worldwide deaths were the result of communicable disease infection. Around 90 per cent of infections in developing countries are attributed to water borne diseases resulting from concentrated urbanization and industrialised agricultural practices. This paper will address health problems associated with the built environment in areas of rapid urbanization and poverty, and in particular the health impacts of marginalization, social exclusion, and inequity associated with built form and dispersed settlement patterns. It argues that the accelerated pace of urbanization requires that infectious disease is understood as a global challenge of improving public health, securing socio-economic well-being, and advancing sustainable development.
||Urbanization, Poverty, Health Problems, Social Exclusion, Built Environment, Sustainable Development
The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp.391-396.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 515.703KB).
Director of Sustainable Engineering, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland, UK
Dr Grierson is both an architect and academic. He currently directs the Postgraduate Programme in Sustainable Engineering, at Strathclyde University and is a Director of the David Livingstone Centre for Sustainability. His teaching and research interests are in sustainable architecture and urban design. He is particularly active in the integration of teaching and learning activity across the postgraduate community, and the promotion of knowledge exchange and CPD through increased engagement with business, industry, the professions, and other institutions. Dr Grierson is an Associate of the Higher Education Academy (HEA) and a visiting lecturer in sustainability at Manchester Metropolitan University, the University of Rome, and the University of Florence. His own architectural work has been exhibited at the Royal Academy Exhibition in London and he has gained a number of architectural awards including two Glasgow Institute of Architecture (GIA) Design Awards and a Sir Rowan Anderson Silver Medal for Architectural Design (RIAS). He has an active role in both the architectural and engineering professions, being listed on the UK Register of Architects (ARB), acting as the Royal Academy of Engineering Visiting Professor (Engineering Design for Sustainable Development) contact for Faculty, and representing the University as a member of the Glasgow Urban Design Panel which advises Glasgow City Council's Planning Committee on planning decisions.
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