Integration of human behaviour and structural design in high-rise residential buildings has become an interesting topic for study. Although there has been growing research on human behaviour and awareness of fire safety in public and commercial buildings using response-based techniques, in residential buildings few studies have been done. In residential buildings, tenants come from various backgrounds and education levels from the lowest to the highest. Some may have proper training or may have attended fire safety courses and some may have not. If fire broke out in their building, what should they do? Do they know where to go and which route should they take to evacuate the building? This is because there does not appear to be any likelihood of significant reduction in cases of fire in Malaysia and other part of the world in the near future. Threat of fire is still high as the number of fire cases and fire casualty reported annually is overwhelming. There are hundreds of thousands of fires in buildings, hundreds of people have lost their lives, and thousands more have suffered injury, most likely from burns or smoke inhalation annually. In this paper we will discuss the perception and the action that the occupants of high-rise residential buildings are likely to take when they have seen fire cues or heard the fire alarm, motivation factors to trigger them to evacuate the building, choice of exit and evacuation behaviour and factors that most influent them during evacuation process.
|Keywords:||Fire Safety, Human Behaviour, Escape Route, Evacuation|
Ph.D. Researcher, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Edinburgh, Malaysia
Senior Lecturer, SBE, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
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