Gender Differences in Self-Schema and Identity: Interdependent and Independent Self-Construal

By Anna Gluchowska.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The paper concerns gender differences in identity and self schema. In general, women are thought to construct and maintain self-knowledge in relation to the cognitive representation of the social environment (Interdependent self-construal), whereas men are thought to construct and maintain self-knowledge independent from it (Independent self-construal). Four series of studies were conducted which aimed at checking if there were any gender differences in the level of connection between self schema and schemas related to other people (We or Others). Over five hundred students aged from 19 to 42 took part in it: 305 women and 272 men. Results show higher level of connection of self-knowledge with the cognitive representation of the social environment among women then men, but observed interdependence of women’s self schema relates mainly to the closest people (We). This research was supported by State Committee for Scientific Research Grant N106 032 31/2878.

Keywords: Gender Differences, Gendered Identity, Self-Schema, Interdependent Self-Construal, Independent Self-Construal

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp.471-480. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 755.610KB).

Anna Gluchowska

PhD Candidate, Institute of Psychology, University of Maria Curie-Sklodowska, Lublin, Lublin, Poland

Author is a young researcher cooperating with two scientific institutes: Institute of Psychology (University of Maria Curie-Sklodowska in Lublin, Poland) and Faculty of Psychology (University of Warsaw, Poland). The main areas of research interests are: self and identity, self-schema, social categorization processes, social cognition, gender differences, interdependent and independent self-construal.

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