One of the problems confronting the Nigerian society in this period of global recession is unemployment. Majority of its citizens are unemployed and even for those employed most are underemployed. A total of 154 youths aged 20-46 years were purposively selected and interviewed in different localities in Lagos to ascertain their strategies for survival. Both sexes, (60 percent males (92) and 40 percent females ), were interviewed to see the variations in their coping strategies by gender. The survey findings reveal that most unemployed youths rely on their parents for financial assistance and the belief is that there exists a relationship between unemployment and vice. The study also shows that unemployment in the African context entails absence of the basic necessities of life which are often taken for granted in the developed nations. Employment in the African sense requires fulfillment of the basic needs and not necessarily job satisfaction. The paper recommends, among other things, the need for government to make jobs available for its citizens, being the largest employer of labour. Also the provision of such social welfare programmes as allowances for the unemployed and making food easily available and affordable are suggested as well. By so doing, unemployment seen by most analysts as a consequence of misappropriation of funds by leaders may be managed and made more tolerable.
|Keywords:||Unemployed, Survival, Strategies, Youths, City|
Lecturer, Department of Sociology, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
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