The Republic of the United States and its Future: Lessons from the Roman Republic (509-27 B.C.)

By Valentine J. Belfiglio.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Direct democracy practiced by the Athenians (508-404 B.C.), and the Delian League (478-404 B.C.), influenced democracy practiced by towns in colonial New England, and the New England Confederation (1643-1676), as well as the U.S. Articles of Confederation (1781-1789). The Roman Republic (509-27 B.C.), influenced the development of the U.S. Constitution (1787), American concepts of citizenship, republican government, and the rule of law. Ancient Greece and Rome influenced the development of four American political characteristics: the territorial state, sovereignty, nationalism, and democracy as practiced by a republic. This paper will demonstrate that the archenemy of democracy is, inter alia, militarism-an overemphasis on military organization and discipline during protracted wars and rebellions.

Keywords: Democracy, Republicanism, Culture, Civilization, Militarism, Authoritarianism

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp.271-278. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 528.522KB).

Prof. Valentine J. Belfiglio

Department of History and Government, Texas Woman’s University, USA

Educator of international relations and diplomatic history. Ph.D. University of Oklahoma (1970), published seven books and more than 100 articles. Teaching at Texas Woman’s University 1970-present. Taught courses in military science and international studies at the Texas Military Academy, Austin, Texas 1993-2005. Received Guido Dorso Prize in Research, University of Naples, 1985, C.K. Chamberlain Award for scholarship, East Texas Historical Association, 1990, and the Cornaro Award, Texas Woman’s University, 2003, for excellence in teaching and research. Knighted by the Italian Government in 1991 for extensive writings to promote Italian culture and civilization in America. Focus of recent research: the impact of ancient Greek and Roman civilizations on American culture and public policy.

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