Direct democracy practiced by the Athenians (508-404 B.C.), and the Delian League (478-404 B.C.), influenced democracy practiced by towns in colonial New England, and the New England Confederation (1643-1676), as well as the U.S. Articles of Confederation (1781-1789). The Roman Republic (509-27 B.C.), influenced the development of the U.S. Constitution (1787), American concepts of citizenship, republican government, and the rule of law. Ancient Greece and Rome influenced the development of four American political characteristics: the territorial state, sovereignty, nationalism, and democracy as practiced by a republic. This paper will demonstrate that the archenemy of democracy is, inter alia, militarism-an overemphasis on military organization and discipline during protracted wars and rebellions.
|Keywords:||Democracy, Republicanism, Culture, Civilization, Militarism, Authoritarianism|
Department of History and Government, Texas Woman’s University, USA
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