The Dynamics of Citizenship Participation and Inclusion in Nigeria

By Emman Osakwe.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The paper takes an incisive look at the dynamics of citizenship participation and inclusion in Nigeria. Citizenship participation has been quite low in Nigeria for many years, arising from electoral violence, rigging, intimidation of opponents, assassinations and arson. Several aspiring political actors in Nigeria withdraw from the scene for security reasons and this tends to promote politics of exclusion. The new political trend from late 2010 to 2011 presents a totally new phenomenon, as serious and conscious efforts are now being made to promote citizenship inclusion, unlike in the past, when the votes of the masses did not count in the emergence of ‘elected’. Candidates since such leaders were elected were the products of ‘selection’ by a select few; the new political game is taking a new turn with the masses getting more proactive and less passive. The paper concludes that the new citizenship participation strategy would most likely help in check-mating violent pro-democracy protests as the world witnessed in recent times in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen, Bahrain and Syria.

Keywords: Citizenship, Citizenship Participation, Citizenship Inclusion, Citizenship Exclusion, Voter Education, Citizenship Education, Electoral Violence, Voter Apathy, Pro-Democracy

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 6, Issue 11, pp.53-62. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 779.864KB).

Prof. Emman Osakwe

Dean, Postgraduate School, 1. Postgraduate School, 2. Department of Social Science Education, Delta State University., Delta State University, Abraka, Abraka, Nigeria

Prof. Emman Osakwe is a Professor of Social Studies in the Department of Social Science Education at Delta State University, Abraka–Nigeria. He has served as head of his department and is a pioneer member of the University Senate, a pioneer of the Chairman University Curriculum Committee, is currently Dean of the Postgraduate School of the Delta State University, and is the coordinating organ of the University’s 34 postgraduate Programmes. He was born on 23rd April 1949, and he studied at the University of Nigeria Nsukka and received a B.SC (Ed) degree; he received a M. Ed in Curriculum Development from Temple University, USA; he received a M.A Geography in Education from the University of London, U.K; and he holds a Ph.D. degree in Social Studies from the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. He is a researcher with several books and Journal articles to his credit. His research interest spans through Social Studies, Social Issues, Gender Studies, Curriculum Studies, Voter Education and Population Education.

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