In the globalized world of environmental awareness, many people rely on the sustainability paradigm to inform their forward actions. However, the current sustainability paradigm, which most often consists of environmental, social, and economic pillars, is incomplete. Psychologically, people rely on their culture, which determines how land and sustainability are thought of and determines the individual’s link with their landscape (Wilson, 1998). Therefore, the culture of where a person was raised, lives, and/or resides, determines not only how they interact with their society, but it determines their approach to sustainable development and informs the meaning and value of local landscape, flora, and fauna. Culture is an integral missing link in the sustainability paradigm (Witta, 2011). Scotland and Louisiana have very strong cultures, which impact their management techniques and determine their sustainability motivations and actions. These two locations represent perfect examples of how culture enhances the current sustainability paradigm. A case study in Scotland provides an interesting interaction between culture and management relating to the nationally iconic red deer. A case for Louisiana, and how its culture could enhance sustainable development within the region, will also be discussed.
|Keywords:||Environment, Sustainability, Social, Economic, Culture, Sustainable Development, Landscape, Environmental Management, Scotland, Louisiana, Red Deer (Cervus elaphus)|
PhD Candidate, School of Geography and Geosciences, University of St. Andrews, Elgin, UK
River Parishes Community College, Baton Rouge, USA
Faculty, College of Social Sciences, University of Phoenix, Bellaire, USA
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