The Factors Predicting Marital Satisfaction: A Gender Difference in Pakistan

By Nadia Ayub and Shahid Iqbal.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Factors that affect marital satisfaction of couples is an area worthy of research in all societies. However, very little research has been done on this important topic in Pakistan. The aim of the present study is to find out factors predicting marital satisfaction and gender difference on marital satisfaction in Pakistan. Based on literature review it was hypothesized that there would be a gender difference on the variable of marital satisfaction. The sample of this study consisted of 300 (300 males and 300 females) couples. The Marital Satisfaction Scale (MSS; Ayub, N., 2010) was administered to measure marital satisfaction of married couples. Results of the study suggest that overall factors which contribute to marital satisfaction are communication, education of partner, sexual satisfaction, dual earning, understanding, in-laws relationship, and compromise. A gender difference is found between male and female in predicting marital satisfaction. Male respondents suggest education of partner, dual earning, understanding, self-perception, compromise, in-laws relationship, and sexual satisfaction as dominant factors for marital satisfaction for them. Female respondents regarded communication, dual earning, understanding, in-laws relationship, and compromise as major contributors to their overall marital satisfaction.

Keywords: Marital Satisfaction, Gender Difference, Factors

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 6, Issue 7, pp.63-74. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 777.041KB).

Dr. Nadia Ayub

Assistant Professor, Department of Business Psychology, Institute of Business Management, Karachi, Sind, Pakistan

Dr. Nadia Ayub, Assistant Professor, Department of Business Psychology, earned a Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology from University of Karachi, Pakistan. She has taught both at College and University level before joining IoBM. Her research focuses on social problems, adolescents, organizational issues, personality, family and marriages, and Psychometrics. She has worked on research project on Community Health Sciences at the Aga Khan University and Hospital. She has published ten research papers in national and international repute journals. She presented her research papers in various national and international conferences. She is selected as a member of Group Study Exchange Programme, 2011, for, Pennsylvania, USA, Hosted by, The Rotary Foundation International.

Shahid Iqbal

Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Federal Urdu University for Arts, Science and Technology, Karachi, Pakistan

Shahid Iqbal (Ph.D., in Clinical Psychology, Institute of Clinical Psychology, University of Karachi, Pakistan), is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at Federal Urdu University for Arts, Science and Technology, Karachi, Pakistan. His research interest includes Clinical Psychology, Organizational Psychology, Consumer Behavior, Educational Psychology, Psychological Testing and Quantitative Research Methodology. He has published in various academic journals such as Asian Journal of Distance Education, Pakistan Business Review, Pakistan Journal of Clinical Psychology, Pakistan Journal of Psychology, Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, and other journals.


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