Rehabilitation of Degraded Land in Arid Zones: A Case Study of Cholistan Desert

By Qurratulain Safdar.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Land degradation is a universal problem and in arid lands it is usually described as “desertification” because it leads to the formation of deserts. In arid zones mostly two types of degradation are dominant: wind erosion and soil salinization. Some natural causes of land lead to desertification such as, low rainfall and associated drought phenomena, high temperatures and resultant global warming. The effects of natural causes of land degradation are complicated further by human induced activities such as there is a huge gap between de-forestation and afforestation rate in arid areas. Vegetation degradation is of serious consequence to the environments of Cholistan. It is caused by the inappropriate use of land due to the high population growth rate, later deficiency and unstable global climate changes. Prolonged overgrazing of land and crop residues in harvested fields weakens and degrades the vegetation and results in the depletion of plant diversity, and reduced biomass production which later in turn leads to reduced soil organic matter and the deterioration of the soil structure. Degradation process can cause a drastic decline in the soil productive capacity. Land degradation is a local problem in many areas but it has cumulative effects at regional and global scales. The countries of developing world in arid and semi-arid zones are the most seriously effected.

Keywords: Desertification, Arid Lands, Rehabilitation, Cholistan Desert

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 6, Issue 7, pp.13-24. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 838.379KB).

Qurratulain Safdar

Lecturer, Department of Geography, The Islamia University, Bahawalpur, Pakistan

I started my studies from my local school and completed metric with science subjects. Afterwards I have completed my F.Sc. and B.Sc. in biology, zoology and Geography. I have done my M.Sc. in Geography and got distinction (1st position) and Gold Medal. I have also done B.ed. which is a professional degree. After completion of my studies I did job in “Degree Collage for Women” in Bahawalpur as an honorary lecturer. Now I am a permanent faculty member of “The Islamia University Bahawalpur” and doing work as a permanent lecturer. I am interested in physical and environmental geography with respect to my subject. One article is published in “Promoting and Celebrating Geography” published by Liverpool Hope University on the topic Child Labor (A myth or reality).

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