Chronic Pain and its Association with Type of Natural Disaster, Community Support and Social-Cultural Context

By Sheryl Leytham and Tara Powell.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Research on trauma has significantly expanded in the last four decades. As research has expanded, it has become more complex and integrative in nature. Little research, however, has focused on the effect of different types of natural disasters or the complex nature of social support after trauma. There also has been increasing interest on the interaction of pain and trauma sparked by the soldiers returning from combat duty (Walker et. al. 2010). Direct line medical personnel often need specific research questions answered on how to best serve a population, with a unique set of problems, in a given community. This paper investigates the current research on specific types of natural disaster and links to chronic pain and post traumatic stress response. It also reviews two frequently researched areas that mitigate the trauma response. These are social support and self-efficacy. These act on both the trauma response and the experience of chronic pain in common but also unique ways depending on each event (Luszczynska 2009).

Keywords: Trauma, Natural Disaster, Chronic Pain

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 6, Issue 6, pp.233-242. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 739.988KB).

Dr. Sheryl Leytham

Associate Professor, Psychology, Grand View University, Des Moines, Iowa, USA

Dr. Sheryl Leytham, PhD, received her PhD in clinical psychology from St. Louis University in St. Louis, Missouri and her Masters from California State University. She is an associate professor of psychology at Grand View University in Des Moines, Iowa and is a practicing clinical psychologist. Her areas of research are in chronic pain, stress related disorders, and trauma.

Tara Powell

MSW, MPH, PhD student, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, USA

Tara Powell received her Masters in Public Health and Social Work at Tulane University, in New Orleans. She is now completing her PhD at the University of Texas. She has worked extensively in disaster recovery and resilency both nationally and internationally with adults and children.

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