The main objective of this paper is to show the consequences that the system established by the agricultural union “Unió de Pagesos” to recruit, import and distribute foreign labor produces, that is a worker whose legal rights and liberties are embarrassed. Once the traditional family productive system of Catalonian agriculture is substituted by an industrial one, designed for exportation and which requires hired labor, the Union, aided by the State, reconverts itself into an entity that provides different services, especially those related with the supply of labor force through their system-as we characterize the set of practices that make possible the recruitment of foreign workers and their concentration in the lodgings managed by it. The migratory policy is responsible of the emergence of this system, whose origin is in the–symbiotic relation between the State and the Agricultural Union. Their interests–the “just in time” provision of labor and the social control of the migratory flow–are harmonized by it. In the lodgings–infrastructure of the system–a transformation is operated through different devices–lodging regulation, presence of personnel in charge of the facilities, a visit regime, exit permissions, among others–close to other institutions, as labor camps, where the tame of the individuality is aimed through the subordination to a dominating power in order to create a new subject, whose value is exteriorized in its obedience to the will of those who administrate the institutions. Finally, this system belongs to a tradition of devices designed with the purpose to fixation of manpower, whose most relevant precedents are to be found in social institutions as Roman slavery rental (II-I B.C.), English vagrancy and poor laws (XIV century) and specifically Prussian System of labor import, applied by the Preuische Feldarbeiter Zentrale studied by Max Weber.
|Keywords:||International Migrations, Flux Control and Fixation of Manpower, Human Rights, Workers Lodgment|
Researcher, Grup de Recerca sobre Exclusió i Control Socials (Research Group on Social Exclusion and Social Control), Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
There are currently no reviews of this product.Write a Review