Building Social and Community Cohesion: The Role of Social Enterprises in Facilitating Settlement Experiences for Immigrants from Non-English Speaking Backgrounds
Australia is a nation of immigrants. Immigration brings much needed skills and labour to Australia. It helps creating a strong economy, drives prosperity and builds Australia’s future. Diverse cultural expression enriches all Australians and makes the multicultural nation more vibrant and creative. Immigrants, including refugees, from non-English speaking backgrounds (NESB) are vulnerable as they often have higher unemployment rates or are at an earnings disadvantage that may lead to disaffection and community unrest in the long run. Government agencies are facing complicated issues surrounding the design and implementation of strategies that facilitate the settlement of new arrivals in Australia. This paper critically reviews the literature and argues that social enterprises and social entrepreneurship can help to facilitate life satisfaction and self-reliance for NESB immigrants in Australia. In addition, the paper provides a better understanding of what research method may best suit to examine the role of social enterprises in NESB immigrant settlement experiences and how social enterprises may help to integrate the immigrants into a culturally diverse socially cohesive nation. Discussion of benefits of the proposed research method will also be provided.
||Immigrants from Non-English Speaking Backgrounds, Social Enterprise and Social Entrepreneurship, Immigrant Settlement Services, Research Method
International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp.115-128.
Article: Print (Spiral Bound).
Article: Electronic (PDF File; 971.058KB).
Senior Lecturer, School of Management & Marketing, Faculty of Business, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia
Eric Kong is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Management & Marketing, University of Southern Queensland, Australia. Eric’s current research interests include non-profit management, intellectual capital, and knowledge management. He has published in a broad range of journals including International Journal of Management Reviews, Knowledge Management Research and Practice, Journal of Intellectual Capital, International Journal of Learning, International Journal of Non-profit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, Journal of Management & Organisation, International Journal of Knowledge Management Studies, International Journal of Human Resource Development and Management, and International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management. He has published a scholarly book and book chapter in the area of Intellectual Capital and Social Enterprises. Eric is a member of Academy of Management (AOM). He was nominated as the Chair of the Best Paper Award for Public and Non-profit Division at the AOM Conference in 2008 and 2010. He served as Guest Editor of Special Issue of Journal of Intellectual Capital on ‘Intellectual Capital and Non-profit Organisations in the Knowledge Economy’. He is currently serving as an Editorial Board member of the International Journal of Organisational Theory and Behaviour (IJOTB) and International Journal of Organisational Behaviour (IJOB).
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