The article presents a substantive model for connections between latent constructs: discrepancy between parental goals and child’s actual state, experienced parental stress, child’s negative representation in the parent’s mind, reaction to stress (stress fighting, stress defence) and giving the child help.
It was hypothesized that discrepancy between parental goals and child’s actual state is connected with the parental stress experienced. Stress appears as a consequence of a parent’s inability to execute his/her goals. Owing to stress experience the child’s representation in the parent’s mind changes. Depending on the type of this representation parents tend to adopt either of two behaviours typical of stress coping: stress fighting or defence against stress. It was hypothesized that in the situation when a parent tries to cope with difficulties by stress fighting he/she would be more eager to give his/her child help.
The presented model was verified by the one-level structural equation model (SEM). The IBM AMOS 19 program was used for that purpose.
The research was conducted on a Polish sample of 120 participants; mothers and fathers of children aged three to ten years old took part in internet research.
Connections between variables appeared to be of medium and high strength. The model fits the data well.
|Keywords:||Discrepancy, Parental Stress, Giving Child Help, Child’s Representation|
Ph. D. Student, Cognitive Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Warsaw University, Warsaw, Mazowieckie, Poland
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