Do the Perceptions of the Family Heads Play a Significant Role in the Employment Decisions of Females in a Semi-urban Area of Pakistan?

By Shafaq Hussain.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Beside the other factors of production, females play an important role in the economic growth of a country. In developing countries this resource is usually neglected as can be seen from the low female labor force participation rates, mentioned in the World Development Indicators (2009) e.g. 31.2 percent in Iran, 33.1 percent in India, 58.3 percent in Bangladesh etc. When compared to its neighboring countries, Pakistan is lagging far behind with a female labor force participation rate of 21.2 percent. Even it is much lower than the most war-trodden country, Afghanistan, where it is 33 percent. Many empirical studies done previously in Pakistan, related to female employment, focused more on the socioeconomic factors. This is a case study of one of the semi-urban areas of Pakistan to find out if there are any factors influencing the power relations within the households. Using Logit model, it was found that the perceptions of family heads related to
* equal job opportunities for females in the labor market;
* giving importance to the decisions of an employed female in the family;
* allowance for female job in Islam; and
* educating female child
are significantly effecting the employment decisions of females. The positive perceptions of family heads could lead to encouragement of females to decide in favor of their participation in the labor market. Therefore, efforts should be made to create awareness in the society about the positive role of females. The curriculum used at various education levels could be one way of creating awareness among the masses for a more supportive role of the family. Another way is to use mass communication channels for this purpose such as print and electronic media.

Keywords: Female Employment Decisions, Perceptions, Family Heads

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp.51-66. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 813.853KB).

Shafaq Hussain

PhD Student in International Development Studies, Institute for Development Research and Development Policy, Ruhr University, Bochum, Germany

At the moment I am working on my PhD thesis on the Role of female employment in the developing countries with special reference to Pakistan. Before joining the PhD in International Development Studies at the Institute for Development Research and Development Policy, Ruhr University Bochum Germany, I was working as a lecturer in Gomal University Dera Ismail Khan Pakistan. I am also a member of various non governmental organizations in my home town Dera Ismail Khan. I have worked with them as a volunteer in conducting different research studies in the area. Besides interest in Research studies, I am fond of traveling, photography and glass painting.

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