The Theories of Islamic State as Advocated by the Two Malay Muslim Political Parties in Malaysia
This article presents the theories of Islamic state as understood and advocated by the two Malay Muslim political parties in Malaysia for Malaysians; these political parties are the Islamic party named the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PMIP), and the Malay nationalist party named the United Malays National Organization (UMNO). For the PMIP, Malaysia is not an Islamic state but for the UMNO, Malaysia is indeed an Islamic state. They have two different theories of Islamic state because Muslim thinkers and scholars have never united in describing the characteristics of an Islamic state. This is evident from the first part of this paper that in brief surveys the names of Islamic state such as the prophetic, caliphate and sultanate states.
||Islamic State, Islamic Party, Malay Nationalist Party, Malaysian Muslim Politics
International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp.91-104.
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Associate Professor/Department Head, Department of Theology and Philosophy, Faculty of Islamic Studies, National University of Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
I graduated from Faculty of Islamic Studies, National University of Malaysian with the bachelor and master degrees of Islamic studies in 1976 and 1980 respectively. I joined the university as a tutor in 1976 and a lecturer after I submitted my master thesis in 1979. The university sponsored my study in the doctoral program at Institute of Islamic Studies, McGill University. McGill granted the doctoral degree to me in the convocation held in September 1993. As the university lecturer in Malaysia I have taught Islamic theology, Islamic philosophical theology, Muslim sects, Islamic contemporary thought. I have supervised undergraduate projects, master dissertations and master and doctoral theses at my department. My publications are four books, many chapters in the edited books and few articles related to Islamic theology, contemporary Islamic thoughts such as Islamic modernism, fundamentalism, Islamic theological philosophy known as the Kalam.
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