Nikkei Peruvian Children between Peru and Japan: Developing a Dual Frame of Reference

By Ana Sueyoshi.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The number of “Nikkei” Latin American workers in Japan has steadily increased since the late eighties. According to the Japanese Ministry of Justice, there are approximately sixty thousand Peruvians living in Japan. They comprise the second largest Latin American population after the Brazilians, and the fifth among all foreign residents.
The migration of “Nikkei” Peruvian to Japan or “dekasegi” that was initially a household emergency strategy adopted in answer to an adverse temporary economic scenario has evolved into entire Peruvian families taking up permanent residence in Japan . In the last 15 years, this family reunification process has brought about a wide range of new issues. One of these issues is related to the education of Latin American children, particularly Brazilians and Peruvians, who have unique educational needs as a result of their parents’ work mobility, their own family responsibilities, language acquisition, discrimination, marginalization, among others.
Since Japanese public schools cannot cope with these needs, a growing number of Peruvian migrant workers in Japan have decided to take their children back to Peru, in the hope of finding a proper education environment there. This paper, based on surveys conducted in Peru and Japan, attempts to assess the changes in the education of Peruvian children who have returned to Peru and their home environment, as well as the development of a Dual Frame of Reference among returnee children.

Keywords: Nikkei Peruvian Migration, Education of Migrant Children, Education of Returnee Children, Dual Frame of Reference

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 12, pp.45-60. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.021MB).

Ana Sueyoshi

Assistant Professor, Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of International Studies, Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya, Tochigi, Japan

Before starting my Ph.D. studies in Japan, I was working for four years as economic advisor at the Ministry of Finance in Lima-Peru. In this position I developed analytical and communication skills, aim at policy formulation and capacity to facilitate dialogue among different parties from the public sector as well as from the private sector. This work in the public sector complemented my previous experience in a research center, where I acquired the capability of rigorous analytical work. Living in Japan for almost 11 years has provided me with the opportunity to interact with a completely different culture, and to realize that I would like to be part of multidisciplinary work in an international context. Currently I am working as an assistant professor at Utsunomiya University where I am in charge of Latin American Studies, and conduct research on Latin American Economies’ Long-Term Economic Growth and Latin American Migration in Japan.


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