According to theorist Linda Hutcheon, works of historiographic metafiction are “those well-known and popular novels which are both intensely self-reflexive and yet paradoxically also lay claim to historical events and personages.” The New Historical Novel in Mexico self-consciously draws attention to its status as a fabrication; this genre poses questions about the relationship between fiction and reality. It provides a critique of its own methods of construction, examining the fundamental structure of narrative fiction and also exploring the possible fictional character and the subjectivity of history itself. The Mexican author Carmen Boullosa discloses in her novel, Llanto, novelas imposibles, the problematic interpretation of the existing accounts of Mexican history regarding the conquest of Mexico and the death of Aztec emperor Moctezuma II. Llanto contributes to the contemporary debate about the controversies that surround history and the process of writing it. Boullosa’s novel oscillates between history and fiction, blurring the distinction between the objective and the subjective realms. It also explores and analyzes the traces in cultural memory that contribute to the representation of history in Mexico. The writers(s) of this novel—real and fictional—endeavor to do away with forces that have opposed a heterogeneous discourse in Mexican history.
|Keywords:||Historical Metafiction, New Historical Novel in Mexico, Carmen Boullosa, History, Philosophy, Literature|
Chair and Professor, The Department of Modern Languages, Cultures and Literatures, California State University, Hayward, East Bay, USA
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