The paper presents an overview of conflict research within a few academic domains (sociology, political studies, management studies, psychology and anthropology) intending to show a need for launching a common theoretical framework for conflict studies. It also stresses the importance of communication processes within this discipline and analyzes differences between them in individual and collective conflicts.
The second part of the presented paper shows the results of experiments on how the form of a message about conflict changes the way people perceive and describe parties of a conflict presented in a text or a film. The experiments produced three important findings. First of all, when the main character is presented as an average man people tend to describe him more positively from the situation when he is presented as morally good. Secondly, narration in the position of “I” causes people to describe the opponent of the main character worse from the narration in the position of “he”. And last but not least: descriptions of the conflicted characters were sharpened when participants knew from the beginning that the film they were going to watch would be showing a story of a conflict.
|Keywords:||Conflict, Psychology, Communication, Moral Evaluation, Supporters, Strategy|
PhD Student, Psychology Department, Warsaw School of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw, Poland
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