Women’s Work Participation Pattern and types of Occupation in Guwahati City

By Rupali Phukan Bhuyan and Harendranath Sharma.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Women’s employment pattern in different categories of work reflects to a great extent the nature and the degree of socio-economic development in any area. It is also the case in Guwahati, the capital of the state of Assam, which is also the premier city and the most important cultural, commercial and industrial centre of north-eastern India. The city has been experiencing rapid socio-economic changes in recent times. Simultaneously, women’s work participation has also been witnessing noticeable changes. But, the actual employment position of women of different social groups is yet to be known. It is also not clearly known as to what economic status groups the employed women generally belong to, or in what way women are engaged in traditional or non-traditional jobs, public or private sector, organised or unorganised sector. It is in this background, the present study is taken up to understand the women’s work participation pattern and types of their occupation in the city. The study is based on both secondary data obtained from census publications, public and private sector establishments and primary data collected through sample survey using a well-designed questionnaire. Broadly, the study reveals that in the sphere of employment in the city, except in the case of the household industry (both organized and unorganised) and service sector women’s role is essentially a minor one, i.e., subsidiary and subordinate to the activities performed and organized by men. In both public and private sector industries; women executives, especially at the senior level are found to be virtually non-existent.

Keywords: Women’s Work Participation, Guwahati City, Public and Private Sector, Organised and Unorganised Sector

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 11, pp.165-186. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 827.280KB).

Dr. Rupali Phukan Bhuyan

Selection Grade Lecturer (Reader), Geography Department, Cotton College, Guwahati, Assam, India

Dr. Bhuyan, an Associate Professor is teaching Geography at the graduate and postgraduate levels in Cotton College, a 108 years old institution. Her special areas of interest include gender geography and regional planning. She acquired her Ph.d under the fellowship of University Grants Commission (FIP) Govt. of India. Dr. Bhuyan takes keen interest in social work at grassroot level. In her capacity as General Secretary (2007 -2009) and at present as executive member of Cotton College Women’s forum, she has undertaken many activities for underpriviledged children and women of Guwahati and surrounding rural areas.

Dr. Harendranath Sharma

Guwahati University, Guwahati, Assam, India

An eminent geographer, Dr. Sharma was Professor and Head of Department of Geography, Guwahati University. Prof. Sharma acquired his Ph.d. from Syracruse University (New York). Dr. Sharma has supervised 11 Ph.d. theses and published six books and 75 research papers in National and International journals. Prof. Sharma was the chairperson of technical sessions in the 27th International Geographical Congress, Washington, USA (1992), 29th Geographical Congress, Seoul, Korea (2000) and 30th International Geographical Congress, Glasgow, UK (2004), besides various national level seminars and conferences.


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