Women’s employment pattern in different categories of work reflects to a great extent the nature and the degree of socio-economic development in any area. It is also the case in Guwahati, the capital of the state of Assam, which is also the premier city and the most important cultural, commercial and industrial centre of north-eastern India. The city has been experiencing rapid socio-economic changes in recent times. Simultaneously, women’s work participation has also been witnessing noticeable changes. But, the actual employment position of women of different social groups is yet to be known. It is also not clearly known as to what economic status groups the employed women generally belong to, or in what way women are engaged in traditional or non-traditional jobs, public or private sector, organised or unorganised sector. It is in this background, the present study is taken up to understand the women’s work participation pattern and types of their occupation in the city. The study is based on both secondary data obtained from census publications, public and private sector establishments and primary data collected through sample survey using a well-designed questionnaire. Broadly, the study reveals that in the sphere of employment in the city, except in the case of the household industry (both organized and unorganised) and service sector women’s role is essentially a minor one, i.e., subsidiary and subordinate to the activities performed and organized by men. In both public and private sector industries; women executives, especially at the senior level are found to be virtually non-existent.
|Keywords:||Women’s Work Participation, Guwahati City, Public and Private Sector, Organised and Unorganised Sector|
Selection Grade Lecturer (Reader), Geography Department, Cotton College, Guwahati, Assam, India
Guwahati University, Guwahati, Assam, India
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