Impact of Task-based Learning on Indonesian Tertiary EFL Students’ Employment of Oral Communication Strategies

By Siti Rohani.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

While there have been many studies on Task-Based Learning (TBL) and learning strategies as essential factors of effective foreign language learning, a few have been done to examine the use of learning strategies when TBL is implemented. This paper presents preliminary findings of a study on how TBL aimed at developing students’ oral communication skills shifted students’ employment of learning strategies. The study was of mixed design, quantitative and qualitative, involving multi-methods data collection with questionnaires and interviews. The subjects of the study were 23 non-English department students in Indonesia. The findings of the study reveal that a one-semester TBL class had a high impact on the oral communication strategies used. Higher use of learning strategies for coping with speaking and listening problems for all students of different oral proficiency levels was found, except for the low achievers who seemed to decrease their employment of strategies for coping with listening problems. Improvement of speaking strategies employment was also found to be higher than that of listening strategies, suggesting a more balanced use of both strategies. Furthermore, negative strategies were less used while positive strategies were increasingly used. As reported by students, reasons for shifting strategies used included covering anxiety and students’ self belief of their improved linguistic skills.

Keywords: Task-based Learning, Oral Communication Tasks, Oral Communication Strategies, Oral Proficiency Levels

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 10, pp.85-102. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 694.550KB).

Siti Rohani

PhD Student, Faculty of Education, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

I am an on-leave lecturer of English in the State Polytechnic of Malang, Indonesia. Currently I am a Ph.D. candidate of Monash University, Australia. I have been working for the State Polytechnic of Malang since 1993. I finished my bachelor (1993) and master (2005) degrees both at State University of Malang, Indonesia. In 2004 I took a short course on English for Business Purposes in Russo Institute of Technology in Brisbane, Australia. Education is of my great interest, and I am always very keen to conduct research on this field. Most of my research deals with English teaching and learning in Indonesia some of which were about students’ improvement in reading and speaking skills, students’ motivation to learn a foreign language, and teaching and learning strategies. I won some research grant (national scope) from Indonesia government as well. I am also very much interested in participating in conferences, most of which were conducted in Indonesia. In December 2009 I also presented in an international conference on the teaching of English as a foreign language in Indonesia. I wrote some teaching modules all of which were funded by Indonesia government, and I wrote some publications. These modules and publications were written in English.


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