Countries in South Eastern Europe (SEE) have been going through a massive chain of transformations in the past years, including educational policy reform. This research explores whether elementary and secondary education decentralization reforms in SEE countries have led to higher participation rates of parents in school management. In order to do that we employ a simple regression analysis model that has as dependent variable the level of parental involvement in school management. The advancement of decentralization in four educational policy areas – financing, human resources, school network and curriculum – count as independent variables. The latter are quantified based on a standardized grill of sub-functions and the level of government in charge with each of them. International reports, expert interviews and national laws in effect are used in order to complete the analysis sheet for each of the countries in the sample – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania and Serbia. The dependent variable, the parent participation index (PPI), is calculated based on statistical data collected during the 2008 School Principals’ Survey. The results show that while curriculum decentralization has a negative effect on parents’ participation rates, decentralization of education financing and school network has a positive statistically significant impact on parent’s participation in school management.
|Keywords:||Education Decentralization, South Eastern Europe, Parents’ Participation, School Management|
Researcher, Romanian Academic Society, Bucharest, Romania
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