Procedural Justice and Livelihood-Outcome Justice: A Framework for Analyzing Attitudes of Resettlers and Hosts towards Resettlement

By Gutu Olana Wayessa.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Based on social psychology and development-related literature, this paper presents a framework for analyzing people’s attitudes towards a resettlement program. It hypothesizes that the attitudes of resettlers and hosts towards a resettlement policy and practice is a function of perceived procedural justice, perceived livelihood-outcome justice, and the interaction between the two. While procedural justice refers to the fairness of the procedure with which a resettlement program is planned and implemented, livelihood-outcome justice concerns the livelihood dynamics experienced by the people because of and since the resettlement. It is argued that, in assessment of attitudes towards a resettlement scheme, one has to account for the contribution of not only the main effects of procedural and outcome variables, but also their interaction effect. The paper also highlights some issues that are worth taking into account when applying the concepts as analytical categories in development studies. There are philosophical and pragmatic grounds for the need to assess development policies and practices from the perspectives of “beneficiaries,” who are the ultimate and direct bearers of the consequences of such policies and practices.

Keywords: Procedural Justice, Livelihood-Outcome Justice, Interaction Effect, Attitude, Perception, Resettlement, Host, Resettler, Development Studies

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 8, pp.477-492. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 813.012KB).

Dr. Gutu Olana Wayessa

PhD Student, Department of Economic and Political Studies, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Concerning my educational background, I hold BSc degree in Agricultural Extension from Haramaya University, Ethiopia, and MSc degree in Management of Natural Resources and Sustainable Agriculture from the Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway. I am currently a PhD candidate in Development Studies at the Department of Political and Economic Studies, University of Helsinki, Finland. My academic and professional interests include population displacement and resettlement studies, livelihood analysis, management of natural resources, agricultural extension, and (rural) development policy.

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