The objective of this study is to investigate students’ psychological sense of community in a classroom setting and its relationship to students’ achievement goals. One hundred sixty-two students attending a public middle school participated in the study. Students completed a self-report survey that assessed their psychological sense of community in the classroom and their learning and performance orientation goals twice during the academic year. Students’ academic achievement scores in a variety of content areas were also collected. Results indicate that students’ psychological sense of community in the classroom at the beginning of the year was a significant predictor of students’ learning/mastery goals at the end of the year even after controlling for students’ academic ability. Psychological sense of community in the classroom was not related to students’ performance orientation.
|Keywords:||Psychological Sense of Community, Community, Learning, Achievement Goals, Mastery, Performance|
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of the South, Sewanee, TN, USA
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