Economic and Social Dimensions of Rural Poverty in the Poorest Province of the Philippines

By Bernadette Gavino-Gumba.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This study analyzed rural poverty in Masbate, the poorest of the eighty
provinces in the Philippines. It determined the correlation between economic
and socio-political indicators of poverty in 21 communities. It discovered
positive and negative correlations between economic and socio-political
indicators in four clusters of deprivation – physical weakness,
isolation, vulnerability and powerlessness – based on the Deprivation Trap
Theory of Robert Chambers (Swanepoel, 2003). Under physical weakness,
income indicator was positively associated with malnutrition, infant mortality and maternal mortality rates, proportion of households without access to potable water
and proportion of households without access to sanitary toilets. Under
isolation, poverty incidence had negative relation with school
participation and cohort survival rates; and positive correlation with dropout
rate and distance from the commercial center. Under vulnerability,
economic indicator was positively associated with proportion of households
with makeshift housing and negatively related with proportion of households
with house owned/ amortized, proportion of households with lot owned/ amortized, proportion of households with strong wall materials, proportion of households
with strong roof materials and proportion of households with at least one household convenience. Under powerlessness, poverty incidence had negative correlation with
number of non-government organizations, number of cooperatives, estimated internal
revenue allotment per capita and income class, number of crimes against
person and property. Policy recommendations hereby forwarded are consolidated to respond to the five clusters of Chambers’ Deprivation Trap.

Keywords: Rural Poverty, Economic Indicator, Social Indicators

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 6, pp.361-380. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 741.958KB).

Dr. Bernadette Gavino-Gumba

Associate Professor, Department of Social Sciences, and Institute of Politics, Ateneo de Naga University, Naga City, Philippines

Associate Professor II at tne Ateneo de Naga University in Naga City, Philippines. Teaches Principles of Economics, Agricultural Economics, Economic Development, Labor Economics, International Economics, and Comparative Economic Systems. Past and present studies include women’s saving and investment behavior in a survival economy, social and economic indicators of rural poverty and rural development in poorest provinces of the Philippines, women’s access to productive resources and participation in economic activities. Holds two bachelor’s degrees – Bachelor of Science in Business Administration major in Economics and Bachelor of Science in Commerce major in Accounting, a master’s degree in Economics, and a doctor’s degree in Development Management. Also a Certified Public Accountant. For twenty-four years of work at the Ateneo de Naga, served as Chairperson of Social Sciences Department for five years, Director of Ateneo Office of Gender Development for one year, and Director of Ateneo Social Integration Office for four years.

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