Crises of Modernity: The Problems of Democratization and Peace in South Asia

By H.M. Sanjeev Kumar and Preeti Sharma.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Establishment of lasting peace, a conducive security environment and imparting permanence to political stability in a democratizing region is a serious challenge. The task gets compounded, if the processes of modernization which is inextricably linked with democratization are contested by fractious forces. This has been an apparent phenomenon in South Asia as the post-colonial history of the region has been heavily loaded with an immensely combustive scenario of conflicts. The countries of South Asia are undergoing the process of democratization and to a considerable extent; democratization and peace are inversely related to each other. Democratizing societies tend to be fiercely unstable places because numerous groups are entangled in mutual contestations, largely in pursuance of acquiring greater spaces for exerting their influence upon the society. Hence, violence in their region of location becomes a quotidian phenomenon. The devious impact of the process of democratization on peace does not get limited to internal space of polities; rather it permeates into the external space, destabilizing the regional security architecture. Thus, democratization involves the complex intercourse between internal peace and external peace in relation to the democratizing polities, with both feeding upon each other in a vicious cycle. In South Asia the manifestations of this phenomenon are diverse and are expressed in the ethno-political conflicts, communal tensions, terrorism, regional and linguistic chauvinism, that persist despite the polities of the region being engaged in processes of modernization and democratization.

Keywords: Democratization, Modernity, Ethno-political Conflicts, Ethno-cultural Dichotomies

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp.275-286. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 616.132KB).

Dr. H.M. Sanjeev Kumar

Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Sanjeev Kumar’s area of specialization includes Democratization in South Asia, India-Pakistan Relations and Subcontinental Security; Nuclearization of South Asia; and the Role of the United States in Sub-Continental Politics. His areas of interest also include Contemporary issues involving Multi-Culturalism; World Order post-9/11 and Globalization; the Role of Political Parties in Shaping India’s Foreign Policy, etc. He has published extensively in these areas in journals of international/national repute. Currently he is availing the prestigious UGC Inter University Centre’s Research Associateship in Humanities and Social Sciences at the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Rashtrapati Nivas, Shimla, where he is working on ethno-political conflicts in South Asia. He teaches Western Political Philosophy, Political Theory and International Relations to students from Undergraduate/Postgraduate classes, besides supervising doctoral research

Dr. Preeti Sharma

Associate Professor, Department of History and Indian Culture, Banasthali University, Tonk, Rajasthan, India

Her area of specialization is Ancient Indian History, especially Indian Art and Architecture, and South Indian Rock-Cut Temple Architecture. Her areas of interest includes gender studies, more specifically women’s representation in art and literature; feminine sexuality; social history with special bearings on patriarchic formations; folk lore of Rajasthan; multiculturalism, etc. She has published several research papers in reputed journals on related issues and has also successfully carried out a UGC Project on South Indian Rock-Cut Temple Architecture. She is currently working on “Interpretations of Mahabalipuram Relief” as a UGC Inter University Centre Research Associate in Humanities and Social Sciences at the prestigious Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Rashtrapati Nivas, Shimla. She teaches Ancient Indian History, Social History of Modern India, Issues in Modern World History, Research Methodology, and Historiography at Undergraduate and Postgraduate levels.

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