Early Results with Experimental Archaeology and the Analysis of Middle Woodland Petalas-like Blades

By Poul Graversen.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Caches are among the most interesting archaeological finds. Their analysis has changed dramatically over the last one hundred years. These analyses of caches are fascinating, rich, and valuable sources of archaeological information. The evolution of artifact and cache analysis combined with experimental archaeology and the accumulated knowledge of the archaeological and scientific communities over the past century have contributed substantially to a greater understanding of trade between groups, settlement patterns, and the life-ways of prehistoric Native Americans of New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania. New finds discovered over decades of additional excavations and technological advances have led us into the twenty-first century with new theories to ponder and explore. One such new theory revolves around Petalas-like blades, also known as Fox Creek blades, and their form and use. Through research and experimental archaeology a pattern has emerged that suggests that these commonly considered finished blades are actually preforms buried in caches for further production to ultimately be used in anadromous fish processing.

Keywords: Archaeology, Lithics, Stone Tools, Woodland Period, Petalas

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 5, pp.193-204. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 788.185KB).

Poul Graversen

Archaeologist, Cultural Resource Division, The Louis Berger Group, Brick, New Jersey, USA

Poul Erik Graversen is a full-time professional archaeologist at the Louis Berger Group in Morristown, New Jersey. His areas of specialty and focus are on the Early and Middle Woodland Periods of the Middle Atlantic Region of the United States and on the paleoarchaeology and early evolution of Homo erectus. Poul holds a bachelor’s degree in anthropology and geology from Rutgers University in New Brunswick, New Jersey and a master’s degree in historical archaeology from Monmouth University in West Long Branch, New Jersey. Poul has a thesis published at Rutgers University, entitled “Research and Experimental Methodology to Support the Earliest Evidence of Controlled Fire circa 1.5 million years ago in Kenya, East Africa.” He also has another thesis published at Monmouth University, entitled “A Modern Analysis of Petalas Blade Caches in New Jersey and Eastern Pennsylvania.” Poul has performed fieldwork in New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Tennessee in the United States, as well as in Tiberius, Israel with the Institute of Archaeology at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.


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