Should All Migrant Workers in China Join the Urban Pension System?

By Yuan Wang and Lutang Li.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

In 2009, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security of China put forward a measurement which requires all migrant workers to be included in the urban pension system. Chinese governments believe that this mandatory bill could help solve the endowment problems of migrant workers. However, in this research, we find out that the new measurement would lead to reduction of employment opportunities in the society and, subsequently, harm the benefits of most migrant workers based on the analysis of labor market discipline. In order to scientifically address the pension problem of migrant workers, we investigate the determinants of migrant workers’ preference for joining the urban pension system with the survey data from Shenzhen China in April 2010. This research reveals that the land, family, enterprise and individual factors have impacts on migrant workers’ preference for buying urban endowment insurance. The findings could help the government to learn what types of migrant workers are more likely to have preference for joining the urban pension system, and then focus its promotion of endowment program among the target groups of migrant workers accordingly; thereby, the efficiency of China’s social insurance system could be greatly enhanced.

Keywords: China, Migrant Workers, Urban Pension System, Analysis of Preference

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp.213-228. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 688.287KB).

Yuan Wang

Graduate Student, Department of Enterprise Management, School of Economic and Management, Northwest A & F University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China

I am a graduate student in the Department of Enterprise Management, Northwest A & F University, China. Focus of my study is on unemployment and labor markets, rural-urban migration. I have participated in several related research projects such as research on the Optimisation of Rural Labor Force in Shaanxi Province, and the Development of Rural Social Security Information System. The approach that I learnt to research is multi-disciplinary, combining economics and rural human resources with strong application to issues of social and public policy.

Prof. Lutang Li

Professor, School of Economic and Management, Northwest A & F University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China

Lutang Li is a professor of Human Resources. His research areas include rural human resources, unemployment and labor markets, rural-urban migration; state-ownership restructuring, rural industrialization and urbanization.


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