Literacy is considered as a key for sustainable development and peace. It is also an instrument of stability within and among countries, and this may prove an indispensable means of effective participation in the societies and the economies of the 21st century. During the last fifty years, Government of Pakistan has launched a numbers of literacy improvement programmes in the country but literacy efforts have so far failed to reach the poorest and most marginalized groups of people. Viewing the plans and policies it is found that in the public sector the Government of Pakistan has designed a number of plans without taking into consideration many ground realities. So this study has been designed to know the ground realities and to assess the needs and problems of the direct beneficiaries of literacy improvement programmes. Data was collected from 1200 respondents including educationists, policy makers, executives in the area of education and literacy and literacy teachers through a detailed questionnaire. Other than these respondents, 200 illiterates and 100 community representatives were also interviewed. Main findings of the study indicated that need assessment was not carried out, objectives of the literacy improvement programmes were not relevant to the literacy needs of the participants and needs and problems of illiterates were not taken into consideration before launching most of the literacy improvement programmes. Therefore, it is needed to conduct a need assessment survey of the stakeholders to launch any new literacy improvement programme in Pakistan.
|Keywords:||Literacy Improvement, Need Assessment, Needs and Problems, Government of Pakistan|
Executive District Officer Literacy, District Government of Nankana Sahib, Government of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Headmaster, Department of Education, Government of the Punjab, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
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