The Formation of Non-state Normative Orders and the Rituals of Pilgrimage

By Alireza Hassanzadeh and Somayeh Karimi.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

In trying to determine the function of traditional rituals in Iran, a special term employed in anthropological studies can be useful for opening a horizon for the perception of ritualistic space: non-state normative orders. Here the question arises of where these rituals took root? In the eyes of other Islamic countries, the heart of the Shiite culture is found in Iran. In contrast to other Islamic cultures, the Iranian culture includes distinctive cultural norms. Some powerful sources, such as religion, cults, and myths, played a major role in forming the collective and ritualistic behavior of the folk before their conversion to Islam. After their conversion to Islam, shrines and the ritual of pilgrimage bridged the gap between two systems of values, each of which conveyed different normative orders. Owing to the mediating role of these rituals, a tolerant and flexible form of norms has evolved.

Keywords: Normative Orders, Ritual, Religious Narratives

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp.287-298. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 668.383KB).

Alireza Hassanzadeh

PhD Student, Excellent Cluster of Normative Orders, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Alireza Hassanzadeh, born in 1971, Iran. B.A in Journalism and M.A in Anthropology. Now PhD student of Anthropology at Goethe University. Writer of some books and articles in Persian such as Alive Legends, 24 Anthropological Articles on Iranian Folktales by Boghe & Baz Publictions in 2000. Woman and culture, as a scientific editor which includes 47articles in commemoration of Margaret Mead in 2001 published by Ney Publication. Iranian Anthropology, hallenges and contestations, 26 roundtables as scientific editor in 2008 by Anthropological Research Center Publication. Translator of Anthropology of Sport in 2008 Published by Anthropological Research Center Publication. Food and Culture, a collection of articles in 2009 as editor Published by Mehrnamag Publication. In addition, writer of some articles in Iranian scientific journals.

Somayeh Karimi

PhD candidate, Department of Philosophy and Ethnology, Cluster of Formation of Normative Orders, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Somayeh Karimi, born in 1980, Tehran. Higher education: B.A. in anthropology at Tehran University 1998-2002, M.A. in Anthropology at Tehran University 2003-2005, and since 2009 PhD student at Goethe University. Researcher and writer of some articles in Anthropological journals or books in Tehran such as: ‘Sacred Economy’, Nameye Pajouheshgah, Journal of Research Centre, Cultural Heritage, Handicraft and Tourism Organization, 2006, Tehran. ‘Culture of poverty and crime’, in Crime and Culture, ed. by Q. Biabani, Karagah Publication, 2006, Tehran, pp27-86. ‘Scape and crime’ with Alireza Hassanzadeh, Journal of Karagah, Criminal Anthropology. Feb. 2006, Tehran. ‘Women anthropologists’ in Memories of Iranian Anthropologists, ed. By J. Moshiri, Afkar publication, 2008, Tehran. ‘Methodology, Ethnic memory and Anthropology’ in Memories of Iranian Anthropologists, J. Moshiri (ed.), Afkar publication, 2008, Tehran. ‘Applied anthropology and answering to society problems’ in Journal of Karagah, 2008, Tehran. ‘Food and the system of exchange’ in Food and culture, A. Hassanzadeh (ed.). Mahrnamag Publication, 2008, Tehran; and writer of two books: ‘Tehran Bazaar, study of Bazaarian by Economic Anthropology Perspective’, and ‘Study of Afghan children in Iran, An Anthropological View’. Published by Afkar publication.


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