Armed Violence Reduction and Prevention: A Promising Contribution to the Solution for the Nigerian Ethno-religious Conflict

By Daniel Cerván.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Armed Violence Reduction and Prevention (AVRP) is an emerging paradigm that builds on the Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration approach and extends it even further. AVRP considers the impacts of armed violence on social and economic development and, vice-versa, the lack of development as a cause of armed violence. In opposition to the disarmament-only approach, the AVRP perspective deems that lasting peace and security can only be achieved through the combination of the reduction of poverty, the promotion of human rights and sustainable development. This paper analyses this new approach in the scope of the most recent theories of peacekeeping and peace-building. Moreover, it will be argued that, according to the available data on armed violence, arms trafficking and DDR programs, Nigeria would strongly benefit from an AVRP program like the one that has been developed in other countries including Brazil and El Salvador. The analysis of the Nigerian ethno-religious conflict is based on theories from Ricoeur, Larsson, and others on identity - and religious - based conflicts. This analysis provides the foundations for deducing that AVRP and the establishment of a culture of peace and respect of religious diversity is imperative. This paper will conclude by proposing different spheres of recommended actions to achieve reconciliation between religious communities and lasting peace in the country.

Keywords: Armed Violence Reduction, Nigeria, Ethno-religious Conflict, Reconciliation, Peace-building

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp.225-236. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 631.816KB).

Daniel Cerván

MA in Conflict Studies Candidate, PhD Candidate, Faculty of Human Sciences, Saint Paul University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Daniel Cervan is an international student from Spain enrolled in the MA program in Conflict Studies at Saint Paul University and awarded a fellowship by La Caixa Foundation. At the same time, he is PhD candidate on Intercultural Studies and Culture of Peace at the University of Granada in Spain where he was teaching Comparative Religions. With a background in Humanities, he has conducted research on the fields of intercultural relations, religious diversity and citizenship and Religious Education and conflict in European societies. Currently, he is collaborating with the Andalusian Chair for Dialogue between Religions, the European network RedCo and the European Union’s Program “Religious Diversity and Anti-Discrimination Training”. His current research interests are: the role of religion as a contribution to dialogue or conflict in transforming Lebanese society, relations between Western and Muslim countries and the contribution of education to peace-building and reconciliation in ethnically diverse post-conflict societies.

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