Sexual Life after HIV Infection: An Exploratory Study among HIV Positive Adult Males and Females in Dhaka, Bangladesh

By Naznine Anwar and Sharful Islam Khan.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper describes current sexual life of HIV infected male and female individuals in Bangladesh. In order to strengthening HIV prevention in Bangladesh it is important to explore sexual life of HIV positive people, as sexual contact is one of the core routes of HIV transmission. A mixed method design has been followed involving people who are HIV positive male and female (age 19-69 years) and member of ‘Ashar Alo Society’, a largest HIV self-help Group in Bangladesh. Fifteen participants were selected purposively for in-depth interview considering their socio-demographic status, gender and duration of HIV diagnosis. For quantitative survey 114 respondents were selected based on their availability during the data collection period. The main findings of this study indicate that irrespective of age, gender, socio-economic status, education, occupation and marital status, most of the HIV positive people are still sexually active and continuing their sexual life by maintaining marital, pre-marital and extra-marital sexual relationship. There are mixed opinions regarding change in desire of sex. Some respondents described that the desire of sex is as same as before. However, a number of man and women reported that being HIV patient they could not enjoy sex much as they were used to before. Whenever they engage themselves in sexual activities ‘thinking about the HIV and its implications’ obstruct them to enjoy sex and break off their ability to get extreme pleasure. After being infected by HIV the types of sexual acts of few people have been changed. As part of safer sex they are involved in non-penetrative sex, but most of the HIV positive people are not practicing safer sex. Therefore, understanding the issues that influence their sexual life could inform national and international care and support programs to revise and redesign their interventions in Bangladesh and country like Bangladesh.

Keywords: People with HIV/AIDS, Sexual Relationship, Sexual Acts, Sero-Concordant, Sero-discordant

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp.589-602. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 713.281KB).

Naznine Anwar

MPH Graduate, James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Attaining a post graduate degree in Psychology from department of Psychology, University of Dhaka Naznine Anwar worked for five and a half years in the field of HIV/AIDS and reproductive health. She started her career as a HIV Counselor and in a span of couple of years worked as a Counseling Supervisor in USAID Funded HIV Positive Care and Support Health Program and spearheading urban HIV/AIDS Prevention Program for vulnerable populations. She also worked as a Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) Center and Counseling Coordinator at CARE-Bangladesh. As a Research Officer under the Public Health Science Division of ICDDRB, she worked for developing the research protocol for STI partner notification study. Prior to attending the Master of Public Health program at James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University in Bangladesh she was working as a Technical Officer (VCT) for Family Health International and responsible for planning, coordinating, facilitating, supervising, managing, monitoring and evaluating the VCT program among the vulnerable population through the nation wide local development organizations under the Bangladesh AIDS Program since 2006. She attended and facilitated a number of workshops on HIV/AIDS as a Master Trainer. She has received her MPH degree four months before.

Dr. Sharful Islam Khan

Associate Scientist & Medical Anthropologist, Social and Behavioral Science Unit , Public Health Science Division, ICDDRB, Dhaka, Bangladesh


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