Victims of Doubled-Edged Violence: A Socio-political Study of Tribal-rural Folks Living in the Forest Tract of Eastern India

By Gouri Sankar Banerjee.

Published by The Social Sciences Collection

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

The proposed paper attempts to unveil a saga of suffering and violence faced by the tribal rural folks who are living in Eastern India since time immemorial. The Maoist extremists for creating a Compact Revolutionary Zone(CRZ) and a ‘Red Corridor’ have launched an all-out war on the Indian state which severely affected its Eastern provinces i.e. Bengal, Orissa, Jharkhand and Bihar. Whatever their revolutionary logic the hardcore cadres of the CPI (Maoist) with assistance of their influential outfits such as People’s Liberation Front of India (PLFI) and People’s Committee against Police Atrocities (PCPA) are engaged in indiscriminate terrorist actions i.e. killing innocent people, attacks on police stations, government offices and school buildings, looting banks, hijacking or exploding trains. On the other hand, the union and state governments are also active to impose repressive measures on the extremist-affected areas to combat the Left-wing extremism. In a sense, the state war-machine is carrying out counter-insurgency operations to face the Red challenge. In such critical situation, the condition of the native populace or aboriginal is being worst day to day. Their expectations from the governments is minimum. They want to live without the fear of gun battles and blasting of land mines. But in reality those poor and half-fed people (a majority of which are tribal in ethnic origin) have become the principal victim of the endless armed clashes in between the Maoist guerrillas and the security establishment. In fact, they fell in the orbit of a newly-emerged collateral damage zone in the forest tract of the aforesaid area known as ‘Junglemahal’. Those people are suffering heavily from a doubled-edged violence. Indeed, administration in that region has been collapsed and schools, health centers, block offices etc. are closed for the months. Frequent strikes (locally known as ‘bandh’) have paralyzed the civil life there. The present study is an attempt to understand the sufferings of a section of aboriginal of our times whose voices can hardly be ignored. Both Maoist insurgency and counter - insurgency should be stopped for the sake of those destitute tribal villagers.

Keywords: Maoist Terror, Police Atrocities, Tribal People, Eastern India, Sufferings, Displacement

International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp.473-484. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.609MB).

Dr. Gouri Sankar Banerjee

Associate Professor, Department of History, Syamsundar College, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan, West Bengal, India

I’m teaching History since February 1990. Before joining in the present Institute I served Saldiha College and Bankura Christian College as Lecturer and Reader respectively. I’m also attached with Teaching-learning process in P.G. level of Burdwan University, Kalyani University, Netaji Subhash Open University and IGNOU. I am also seriously involved in research activities. After obtaining Ph.D. degree as Research Fellow from Burdwan University, I concentrated in Post-doc research, sponsored by ICHR, New Delhi and the result of my finding has been published as a book entitled ‘Folk Religion and Mass Culture of Rural Bengal: Tradition and Transformation’ on 2007. My areas of research/interest cover contemporary history, folk-tribal culture, folklore, mythology etc. Nearly 45 Research Papers and 14 Books written by me have been published by this time. Again, two other works on global terrorism and ancestor cult are in press.

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